Tourist attractions: The top 5 attractions.
1) The Eiffel Tower:
The Eiffel Tower (Eiffel tour, in French), initially named tour of 300 meters, is an iron structure puddling designed by engineers Maurice Koechlin and Emile Nouguier, equipped with its final appearance by the architect Stephen Sauvestre and built by French engineer Alexandre Gustave Eiffel and his collaborators for the Universal Exhibition of 1889 in Paris
Located at the end of the Champ de Mars to the banks of the River Seine, this Parisian monument, symbol of France and its capital, it is the tallest structure in the city and the most visited monument entrance charges in the world with 7.1 millions of tourists every year. With a height of 300 meters, extended later with an antenna to 324 meters, the Eiffel Tower was the highest structure in the world for 41 years.
It was built in two years, two months and five days, and eventually generated some controversy among the artists of the time, who saw it as an iron monster. After finishing their function as part of the Universal Exhibition of 1889 and 1900, it was used in testing the French army with communication antennas, and today serves, besides attraction, as an issuer of radio and television programs.
2) The Arc de Triomphe:
It is one of the most famous monuments of the French capital and is probably the most famous arch of triumph world. Built between 1806 and 1836 by order of Napoleon Bonaparte to commemorate the victory at the battle of Austerlitz, it is located in the eighth arrondissement of Paris, on the Place Charles de Gaulle -formerly called Place de lEtoile or, in French, Place de l Etoile-, at the western end of the Champs-Élysées, 2.2 km from the place de la Concorde, located at the eastern end of the avenue. It has a height of 50 m, a width of 45 m and a depth of 22 m. The large dome measuring 29.19 m high and 14.62 m wide, while the small measures 18.68 meters high and 8.44 m wide. It is managed by the center of national monuments.
3) Louvre Museum:
It is the national museum in France dedicated to the prior art to impressionism, both fine arts and archeology and decorative arts. It is one of the most important in the world. It is located in Paris (France), in the former royal palace of the Louvre, and currently promotes two subsites in Lens (France) and Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates).
Its extensive collections are the result of a double historic effort. By collecting developed by the French monarchy over several centuries, the efforts of men of the Enlightenment, the disentailment work of the French Revolution and archaeological and driven purchases throughout the nineteenth century joined campaigns. The opening of the Louvre in 1793 meant, in the history of museums, the transfer of private collections of the ruling (monarchy, aristocracy and church) classes galleries public property for the enjoyment of the whole society. Thus the Louvre was the precedent of all the great European national museums and Americans, and indeed was the model for many of them. It is the most visited art museum in the world, famous for his masterpieces, especially the Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci.
4) Notre Dame Cathedral:
It is a cathedral of the Roman Catholic worship, home of the Archdiocese of Paris, capital of France. This is one of the most unique and ancient buildings were built in Gothic few style. its construction began in 1163 and was completed in 1345. Dedicated to Mary, mother of Jesus Christ, it is situated in the small Ile de la Cité, surrounded by the waters of the River Seine. It is one of the most popular monuments of the French capital.
5) Sacred Heart Basilica:
It is an important religious temple located in Paris (France). It is located at the top of the hill of Montmartre. This is a minor basilica dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus
Its construction was decided by the National Assembly in 1873, as a religious building in perpetuity in tribute to the memory of the many French citizens who had lost their lives during the Franco-Prussian War. According to its promoters was also made to atone for the wickedness of the Second Empire. Paul Abadie was the architect who won the competition for construction.
The first stone was laid in 1875, and although it was completed in 1914, not consecrated until the end of the First World War, in 1919. The church was built with funds exclusively from a popular subscription. It is one of the most visited monuments in the city of Paris.