Customs Operation and Land Transport marcela cospito


A land transport company is responsible for distributing and transporting all types of loads that fit in trucks of 90 m3, this company is basically dedicated to export and import food products, dangerous, refrigerated, generalized merchandise. The loads must have a maximum of 25 tons both complete and consolidated loads. That is the capacity that our trucks can transport. We work in fiscal warehouses where we adhere to customs norms; our warehouse design is simple: it has an entrance with no defined process, it has a storage design and a design of exit. We receive the merchandise in a way and that way it has to leave, since we are a transport company which only transports merchandise and we do not do any kind of inventory process, the merchandise just comes and goes.

To export and import, important documents are required by international transport regulation. In order to transport any type of merchandise we need to have a customs clearance for the importation since with it we can nationalize the merchandise. We also need a consignment note better known as CRT, this type of document is also requested to transport within the same country, we also need a manifest known as MIC, this document is important to be able to release loads from one country to another. In order to have these documents, commercial invoices, packing lists and certificate of origin are needed, where the importer and the exporter agree on how they are going to pay (all invoicing has denominator called incoterm for example: FCA, EXW, FOB, DAP, DAF, CIP, CIF, etc.) and distribute the merchandise sent to each other.The basic process for making a load is for the importer or exporter to bring the merchandise to a fiscal deposit for customs to release it. This means that the dispatcher and the permit to board arrive to customs pull channel, this channel is similar to a traffic light: the green channel means free of circulation; the colors yellow or orange mean that the invoice, packing list and origin certificate are correct with the boarding permit.  Finally we have the red channel, this is similar to the orange channel, with the difference that the tag numbers in the merchandise and the declared merchandise in the billing are verified. Once released, the merchandise is loaded onto the truck, the documents previously mentioned (CRT) and the manifest (MIC) are made, these are loaded into the customs system called Malvinas, also known as Sintia or María, this system allows loading all the correct information that is declared in the original documents previously mentioned (invoice, packing list and origin certificate). In the CRT and MIC it is declared the name of the importer and the exporter, the quantity of packages that we are going to transport, the value of international freight, the value of the merchandise, the customs seal numbers and the final destination of the merchandise. Once we load in the system and check all the data we can register.  In the customs process there are 3 types of stages: Stage 1: It is the current process, where we can load all the necessary information, we can modify everything that is within our reach so that the documentation is correct.Stage 2: this is where the registration process exists, after correcting the documents we proceed to register in the system.Stage 3: in this third stage the customs personnel in the system proceeds to change from registered status to presented status, once it reaches this state it means the truck is ready to leave in the system. After fulfilling these 3 stages we proceed to make the exit, the customs staff is the one who prints the exit. Once we have the documents that are the CRTs and the MICs, along with the exit of the system, the customs personnel proceeds to sign the MICs, exit and a wooden envelope. After having everything signed we go to the final stage which is the envelope assembly, where the CRTs, MICs, exits, copy of the boarding permit and road map, this envelope will take the truck to the border that has been assigned to it, once the truck arrives at the border it proceeds to the liberation step, which is the same process mentioned above, but in this case export merchandise is authorized to leave the country.